Healthcare has become a key factor in evaluating the Sustainable Development Growth of any country. SDG is an index which helps in evaluating a country overall growth in terms of no poverty; zero hunger; good health and well-being; quality education; gender equality; clean water and sanitation; affordable and clean energy; decent work and economic growth; industry, innovation and infrastructure; reduce inequalities; sustainable cities and communities; responsible consumption and production; climate action; life below water; life on land; peace, justice and strong institution; and partnership for the goal. These all mentioned work as behavioral anchored for any country growth and hence it also helps the country too closely looks into the matter affecting their SDG. In the recent index produced by UN India stand at the 143rd position out of 188 countries by this one can imagine the conditions and situations of the country in SDG index.
Cause of Poor health care system
Like Scandinavian countries where people average life they live is 78 years, whereas in India it is 60 to 68 approximately. The key factor of those Scandinavian countries are that there health and well being of their citizens and hence this is the most important key factor in evaluating SDG. In India, the health care system lack skilled people, lack of robust control, lack of public (government) anticipation, lack of allocation of budget to health care and lack of reliability and feasibility. However, where most of the countries spend more than 20 to 30 percent (approx) of the GDP on the health sector, whereas India due to lack of capital is helpless to allocate money for health care sector and thus badly hits the healthcare sector. In India the healthcare sector falls under Ministry of Health, Ministry of Human Resources Development and Ministry of Women and Child Development all this ministry play a key role in boosting the health unit but due to lack of effective and efficient control they rigorously fall down. India’s health sector is so broad that the government is unable to control the contingencies and continues falls in the sector.
Vulnerable measures and trends New National Health Policy
India recent government has issued the New National Health Policy 2017 along with some other reforms to improve the present pursuit of the country health. The people nowadays levy their trust on the private sector based health unit, not on public health centre or any other multi-specialist hospital. Hence, in order to make the Healthcare system effective and affordable government has paid their focus on:
- Increase the funding by 2.5 percent of the GDP by 2025
- Robust control on the price of the health either it is equipment or medicines through NPPA (National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority)
- Enhance and improve the level of healthcare at secondary and tertiary unit or centres
- Introduction of Capitation fee model
- District Hospital should be strengthened with due importance to public funding
- SD hospital also need to be strengthened for which NHSO (National Health Care Standard Organization) has been proposed to established in order to provide Provide evidence-based standard management guidelines
- NDHA (National Digital Health Authority) to be set up in order to deploy, develop and regulate the digital health care across the health care unit.
- AYUSH and ASHA both will be the mainstream line in promoting the health care unit.
- To improve the life expectancy, reduce the mortality and also eradicate the malicious price tag on the medicine and medical equipment.
However, some of the steps are taken on based on future certainty but besides this there is huge work which is still undone such as lack of skilled person, high price exercised by private multispecialist hospital, cost of medical health insurance is also high which people still dubious to invest in such policy etc., so government must also make effort to eradicate them from the society.